Jacquard is the term for fabric that has a raised, textured pattern woven – rather than painted or dyed -- into the material.
The fabric gets its name from Joseph Marie Jacquard, the French weaver who invented the loom technology that makes the beautiful fabric possible in 1801. Jacquard’s invention allows almost any loom to raise independent warp threads to create an intricate textured design.
The loom attachment allows a weaver a high level of control. Although the jacquard weave process takes more time and skills than a basic weave, the resulting fabric is more stable and is more stretchy than fabrics made with basic weaving techniques.
Jacquard weaves can be made with many types and colors of threads. With soft changes of color that depict landscapes, flowers or bold geometric patterns, jacquard fabric can provide an artistic centerpiece to any room’s decor.
Jacquard designs also include brocades and damasks. Damask is usually made of silk, cotton or linen, and it features an elaborate pattern woven into the fabric, usually with only one color.
Heavier than damask, brocade fabric is woven with many colors and is often used in upholstery finishes and clothing. If you are looking to add a distinctive touch of elegance and artistry to your home, jacquard is an excellent choice.